High Fructose Corn Syrup Trying To Change Name To “Corn Sugar”


NEW YORK – The makers of high fructose corn syrup want to sweeten its image with a new name: corn sugar.

The Corn Refiners Association applied Tuesday to the federal government for permission to use the name on food labels. The group hopes a new name will ease confusion about the sweetener, which is used in soft drinks, bread, cereal and other products.

Americans’ consumption of corn syrup has fallen to a 20-year low on consumer concerns that it is more harmful or more likely to cause obesity than ordinary sugar, perceptions for which there is little scientific evidence.

However, some scientists have linked consumption of full-calorie soda — the vast majority of which is sweetened with high fructose corn syrup — to obesity.


There’s a new online marketing campaign at http://www.cornsugar.com and on television. Two new commercials try to alleviate shopper confusion, showing people who say they now understand that “whether it’s corn sugar or cane sugar, your body can’t tell the difference. Sugar is sugar.”

Renaming products has succeeded before. For example, low eurcic acid rapeseed oil became much more popular after becoming “canola oil” in 1988. Prunes tried to shed a stodgy image by becoming “dried plums” in 2000.

The new name would help people understand the sweetener, said Audrae Erickson, president of the Washington-based group.

“It has been highly disparaged and highly misunderstood,” she said. She declined to say how much the campaign costs.

Sugar and high fructose corn syrup are nutritionally the same, and there’s no evidence that the sweetener is any worse for the body than sugar, said Michael Jacobson, executive director of the Center for Science in the Public Interest. The bottom line is people should consume less of all sugars, Jacobson said.

“Soda pop sweetened with sugar is every bit as conducive to obesity as soda pop sweetened with high fructose corn syrup,” he said.

The American Medical Association says there’s not enough evidence yet to restrict the use of high fructose corn syrup, although it wants more research.

Still, Americans increasingly are blaming high fructose corn syrup and avoiding it. First lady Michelle Obama has said she does not want her daughters eating it.

Parents such as Joan Leib scan ingredient labels and will not buy anything with it. The mother of two in Somerville, Mass., has been avoiding the sweetener for about a year to reduce sweeteners in her family’s diet.

“I found it in things that you would never think needed it, or should have it,” said Leib, 36. “I found it in jars of pickles, in English muffins and bread. Why do we need extra sweeteners?”

Many companies are responding by removing it from their products. Last month, Sara Lee switched to sugar in two of its breads. Gatorade, Snapple and Hunt’s Ketchup very publicly switched to sugar in the past two years.

The average American ate 35.7 pounds of high fructose corn syrup last year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. That’s down 21 percent from 45.4 pounds 10 years before.

Cane and beet sugar, meanwhile, have hovered around 44 pounds per person per year since the mid-1980s, after falling rapidly in the 1970s, when high fructose corn syrup — a cheaper alternative to sugar — gained favor with soft drink makers.

With sales falling in the U.S., the industry is growing in emerging markets like Mexico, and revenue has been steady at $3 billion to $4 billion a year, said Credit Suisse senior analyst Robert Moskow. There are five manufacturers in the U.S.: Archer Daniels Midland Inc., Corn Products International, Cargill, Roquette America, and Tate & Lyle.

Corn refiners say their new name better describes the sweetener.

“The name ‘corn sugar’ more accurately reflects the source of the food (corn), identifies the basic nature of the food (a sugar), and discloses the food’s function (a sweetener),” the petition said.

Will shoppers swallow the new name?

The public is skeptical, so the move will be met with criticism, said Tim Calkins, a marketing professor at Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.

“This isn’t all that much different from any of the negative brands trying to embrace new brand names,” he said, adding the change is similar to what ValuJet — whose name was tarnished by a deadly crash in 1996 — did when it bought AirTran’s fleet and took on its name.

“They’re not saying this is a healthy vitamin, or health product,” he said. “They’re just trying to move away from the negative associations.”

Tough Times Complicate the Case for Buying Super Bowl Ads

With advertising rates for the Super Bowl running as high as $3 million for a 30-second spot, some marketers are wondering whether during these tough economic times they can afford the big game.

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FedEx, a loyal Super Bowl advertiser, still hasn’t decided if it will buy in. FedEx is concerned that shelling out big bucks — at a time when it’s “asking employees to do more with less” — will look “wrong,” says a person close to the company.

“Companies have to be mindful that jumping into the game can open them up to criticism,” this person says.

The Memphis, Tenn., package-delivery giant is holding out to see if it can get a bargain.

FedEx’s hesitation is raising eyebrows on Madison Avenue because it has advertised in 12 of the past National Football League championship games.

The company is also one of those that get extra mileage out of the game because its spots tend to be entertaining, and are widely anticipated. During the last Super Bowl, one FedEx ad featured an enormous carrier pigeon wreaking havoc in a city.

Advertisers taking a pass on Super Bowl XLIII altogether include beleaguered General Motors, which has been in 16 games, and Garmin Ltd., the maker of GPS devices, which had advertised in the past two games. A company spokesman for Garmin says its decision to sit out was “unrelated to the economy.”

Jumping into high-priced media deals can raise lots of image questions, say ad executives.

“With this much money on the line it can be a negative reflection on a company, especially if they are cutting back staff or getting a government bailout,” says Steve Lanzano, chief operating officer at MPG North America, a media-buying unit owned by Havas.

General Electric‘s NBC had sold most of its Super Bowl ad inventory by early September, prior to the meltdown on Wall Street. Because the economy had been soft for most of the year, many in the industry were surprised by the brisk pace of sales. Advertisers gobbled up the available slots even though NBC raised its price sharply, compared with the previous Super Bowl, for which News Corp.‘s Fox got about $2.7 million for 30 seconds of commercial time. (Advertisers who buy multiple slots and fourth-quarter space typically get discounts).

NBC is in better shape than Fox was during the past recession. In 2002, Fox, whose parent also publishes The Wall Street Journal, had about 10% of its ad time unsold just two weeks before the game.

NBC seems to have experienced some slowing of demand over the past few weeks. It says it now has about eight ad slots left to fill. That’s roughly the same number that were left in September.

The Super Bowl has shown no signs of flagging in the ratings. This year’s nail-biter between the New York Giants and the New England Patriots drew 97.4 million viewers, the biggest TV audience for a U.S. sporting event.

Ads appearing in the game seem to get more advance publicity every year, helping to offset the price tag.

Advertisers on next year’s broadcast include Anheuser-Busch, CareerBuilder.com, Hyundai Motor, PepsiCo, Viacom‘s Paramount Pictures, Cars.com and Coca-Cola.

The peacock network has also lured some new marketers to the Feb. 1 game in Tampa, including Pedigree, the dog-food brand owned by Mars. Even Monster.com, the online job site owned by Monster Worldwide, is currently in talks to jump back into the game after sitting out the past few years, according to people familiar with the matter.

“As of now, we have not committed to the Super Bowl,” says a spokesman for Monster.

“Companies realize that it’s even more important in a challenging economy to deliver their message in front of the largest audience they’ll see all year,” says a spokesman for NBC.

Still, marketers and ad executives say it is a tough call to make during hard times. E*Trade Financial knows exactly how nerve-racking the Super Bowl decision can be.

This past February, the New York company jumped into the game even though its stock price had plummeted more than 80% over the course of the year; the word “bankruptcy” was floated by analysts. Some consumers were pulling their accounts from the online broker.

“There were some people internally who said, ‘is this wise?'” says Nick Utton, chief marketing officer of E*Trade. Mr. Utton says he decided to do Super Bowl ads because he felt that it would ultimately show confidence in the brand.

But executives crossed their fingers: if the campaign wasn’t well-received, the criticisms wouldn’t be limited to “lackluster creative.” They would be about “irresponsible corporate spending.”

Luckily for E*Trade, its ads got a favorable reception, resulting in a 32% increase in newly opened and funded brokerage accounts during the week following the Super Bowl, the company said. And even though it is still hurting, it says it will be returning to the game. E*Trade is tightlipped on what the ads will look like, but it’s likely its talking baby will be back.

Write to Suzanne Vranica at suzanne.vranica@wsj.com

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